Client Well being: Epilepsy in kids – Mayo Clinic Information Community

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November is Nationwide Epilepsy Consciousness Month, which makes this an excellent time to find out about epilepsy in kids.

Epilepsy, often known as seizure dysfunction, is widespread, and there are a lot of varieties. About 1 in 26 folks within the U.S. will develop the illness of their lifetime. It impacts folks of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages. Anybody can develop epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a mind dysfunction that causes recurring seizures. Having a single seizure doesn’t suggest you’ve got epilepsy. Epilepsy is identified when you’ve had not less than two unprovoked seizures not less than 24 hours aside. Unprovoked seizures do not have a transparent trigger.

Signs

Seizure signs range relying on the kind of seizure. As a result of epilepsy is attributable to exercise within the mind, seizures can have an effect on any mind course of.

Seizure signs could embrace:

  • Momentary confusion.
  • A staring spell.
  • Stiff muscle tissue.
  • Uncontrollable jerking actions of the legs and arms.
  • Lack of consciousness or consciousness.
  • Psychological signs reminiscent of worry, anxiousness or deja vu.

Generally, folks with epilepsy could have adjustments of their habits. Additionally they could have signs of psychosis.

Most individuals with epilepsy are inclined to have the identical kind of seizure every time. Signs normally are comparable from episode to episode.

Trigger

Epilepsy has no identifiable trigger in about half the folks with the situation. Within the different half, the situation could also be traced or linked to varied components, together with:

  • Genetic affect.
  • Head trauma.
  • Mind abnormalities, together with mind tumors, vascular abnormalities and stroke.
  • Infections, together with meningitis, HIV, viral encephalitis and a few parasitic infections.
  • Prenatal damage.
  • Developmental problems, together with autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction, additionally known as ADHD.

Excessive fevers in childhood typically will be related to seizures. Kids who’ve seizures because of excessive fevers usually will not develop epilepsy, although. The danger of epilepsy will increase if a baby has a protracted fever-associated seizure, one other nervous system situation or a household historical past of epilepsy.

Therapy

Medicine usually is the primary course of therapy for epilepsy. Discovering the precise medicine or mixture of medicines, and the optimum dosages, will be advanced, although. Your kid’s healthcare skilled will contemplate your kid’s age and general well being, and the frequency of seizures, when selecting which drugs to prescribe. Many kids with epilepsy who aren’t experiencing epilepsy signs finally can discontinue drugs and dwell a seizure-free life.

For some kids with drug-resistant epilepsy, surgical procedure is an choice. Epilepsy surgical procedure is taken into account when not less than two anti-seizure drugs have didn’t work. The surgical procedure removes or alters an space of the mind the place seizures originate.

Consultants at Mayo Clinic Kids’s Middle are also finding out neurostimulation remedies for epilepsy, another therapy for kids with extreme epilepsy or for many who can not have surgical procedure. This therapy applies electrical energy to the central nervous system to cut back seizure frequency and severity.

Join with different mother and father and caregivers speaking about kids with epilepsy within the Epilepsy & Seizures Help Teams on Mayo Clinic Join, a web-based affected person neighborhood moderated by Mayo Clinic.

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